Gender and interwar communism is a developing field. Nevertheless, most works naturally focus on the socialist states themselves and orthodox communists operating beyond them. I have culled this bibliography from my own research to provide a pointer for those working on fellow travellers and others who journeyed to the Soviet Union during this period.

The below is just an introductory reading list. I will continue to expand this as I find (or have pointed out to me) more works on the topic.

Barraclough, Ruth , Bowen-Struyk, Heather  and Rabinowitz, Paula (eds.), Red Love Across the Pacific: Political and Sexual Revolutions of the Twentieth Century (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015)

Barrett, James R., ‘Was the Personal Political? Reading the Autobiography of American Communism,’ IRSH, 53 (2008), 395-423.

Carol DuBois, Ellen,  ‘Woman Suffrage and the Left: An International Socialist-Feminist Perspective,’ New Left Review, 186, (March/April, 1991), 20-45.

Chatterjee, Choi, ‘Imperial incarcerations: Ekaterina Breshko-Breshkovskaia,Vinayak Savarkar, and the original sins of modernity’, Slavic Review, 74, No. 4 (Winter, 2015): 850-72.

Chatterjee, Choi, ‘“Odds and ends of the Russian Revolution,” 1917-1920: gender and American travel narratives’, Journal of Women’s History, 20, No. 4 (Winter, 2008): 10-33.

Chatterjee, Choi, ‘The Russian romance in American popular culture, 1890-1939,’ inChatterjee and Beth Holmgren (eds.), Americans experience Russia: encountering the enigma, 1917 to the present (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013).

Francis, Rosemary, ‘Famine relief on the Volga’ in Sheila Fitzpatrick and CarolynRasmussen (eds.), Political tourists: travellers from Australia to the Soviet Union in the 1920s-1940s (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2008), pp. 58-77.

Kirschenbaum,Lisa A., International communism and the Spanish Civil War: solidarity and suspicion (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015);

Mally, Lynn, ‘Hallie Flanagan and the Soviet Union: new heaven, new earth, new theatre,’ in Choi Chatterjee and Beth Holmgren, Americans experience Russia: encountering the enigma, 1917 to the present (Abingdon: Routledge, 2013), pp. 31-49.

McDuffie,Erik S., Sojourning for Freedom: Black Women, American Communism, and the Making of Black Left Feminism (London: Duke University Press, 2011).

Mickenberg, Julia L.,  ‘The red taboo in American women’s history: on not seeing revolutionary Russia,’ American Communist History, !4:3 (January, 2016): 221-230.

Mickenberg, Julia L. ‘“To Be His Storm over Asia”: American Women, Sex, and Revolutionary Tourism in Russia,’ in Ruth Barraclough, Heather Bown-Struyk and Paula Rabinowitz (eds.), Red Love Across the Pacific: Political and Sexual Revolutions of the Twentieth Century (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), pp. 1-22.

Perry, Matt, ‘In search of “Red Ellen” Wilkinson beyond the nation state’,
International Review of Social History, 58, No. 2 (August, 2013): 219-246.

Studer, Brigitte, The transnational world of the Cominternians, David Rees-Roberts (trans.) (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015).

Trimberger, Ellen Kay,  ‘Women in the Old and New Left: The Evolution of a Politics of Personal Life,’ Feminist Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Autumn, 1979), pp. 431- 450.

Weitz, Eric D., ‘The Heroic Man and the Ever-Changing Woman: Gender and Politics in European Communism, 1917-1950,’ in Laura L. Frader and Sonya O. Rose, Gender and Class in Modern Europe (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996).

Note: For those in search of primary sources – there exists a treasure trove of memoirs and travelogues from this period, such as those by Irish-Soviet analyst Violet Conolly, American writer Anna Louise-Strong and Okhlahoma-born Ruth Epperson Kennell. Additionally, for the cultural historian, American communist Joseph Freeman’s poems, such as Portrait of a German Comrade, are useful.

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